EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 219, 2019International Workshop on Particle Physics at Neutron Sources (PPNS 2018)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Instrumentation and Techniques|
|Published online||12 December 2019|
Neutron scattering cross section of diamond nanoparticles
1 Neutron Science Section, Materials & Life Science Division, J-PARC Center, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan
2 Neutron Science Laboratory, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan
a e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 12 December 2019
Due to their large coherent scattering cross section, diamond nanoparticles (DNPs) are considered as a promising candidate material for a new neutron reflector. For investigation of scattering cross sections of packed samples, we have developed a technique for mechanical compression of DNP powder. Application of 220 MPa allowed us to increase the bulk density from 0.40 g/cm3 to 1.1 g/cm3. The differential cross sections of uncompressed and packed samples were measured using the high-intensity total diffractometer instrument NOVA at J-PARC, covering transfer wavenumbers (q) from 0.6 to 100 nm−1. The q dependence for the compressed sample agreed with the theoretical expectation derived from the Born approximation applied to homogeneous spheres with inclusion of a hard-sphere model to account for the inter-particle structure, whereas the results obtained from the powder sample disagreed. This implies that the theoretical description does not well represent the mesoscopic structure of the DNP powder sample.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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