EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 247, 2021PHYSOR2020 – International Conference on Physics of Reactors: Transition to a Scalable Nuclear Future
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Advanced Modelling and Simulation|
|Published online||22 February 2021|
COUPLED TRANSIENT ANALYSIS OF A CORE WITH FUEL ASSEMBLY BOWING WITH A HYBRID CTF/DYN3D MODEL
1 Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) gGmbH Boltzmannstr. 14 – 85748 Garching bei Muenchen - Germany
Published online: 22 February 2021
Fuel assembly bowing is a known phenomenon observed in many PWR reactors all over the world. The phenomenon is relevant to safety as it can lead to increased water gaps between assemblies which results in higher pin peaking factors. The goal of the present study is to assess the effect of assembly bowing not only for stead-state nominal conditions but also during a transient. The selected transient is the loss of one reactor coolant pump as it can be limiting especially regarding the Departure from Nucleate Boiling (DNB) safety criterion. This study focuses on an extreme case where the bowing is simulated in the core hot assembly by keeping the water gap constant over the whole core active length. The resulting cross-sections and form functions obtained from a 2d infinite lattice model are used in the nodal diffusion code DYN3D applying its pin-by-pin reconstruction method. For the transient simulation, DYN3D is coupled with the thermal-hydraulics subchannel code CTF on the SALOME platform. Several modelling options are compared: nominal geometry for neutronics and thermal-hydraulics (TH); mixed: neutronics with increased water gap, TH with nominal geometry; and increased water gap for both neutronics and TH. The results confirm that the increased water gap should be considered in both models in order to reduce the conservatism.
Key words: fuel assembly bowing / coupled simulation
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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