EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 247, 2021PHYSOR2020 – International Conference on Physics of Reactors: Transition to a Scalable Nuclear Future
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Advanced Modelling and Simulation|
|Published online||22 February 2021|
ANALYSIS OF THE SUPERPHENIX START-UP TESTS WITH APOLLO-3: FROM ZERO POWER ISOTHERMAL CONDITIONS TO DYNAMIC POWER TRANSIENT ANALYSIS
1 CEA, DEN, SPRC, LE2C, F-13108 Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance, France
2 CEA, DEN, SESI, LCOS, F-13108 Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance, France
Published online: 22 February 2021
Sodium-cooled Fast Reactors (SFRs) remain a potential candidate to meet future energy needs. In addition, the SFRs experimental feedback is considerable, for instance, the French research program has considered experimental facilities including the Superphénix which has emerged as a transition to commercial deployment. In this paper a set of tests from the Superphénix start-up are reanalyzed with new tools, considering APOLLO-3 and TRIPOLI-4 (respectively deterministic and stochastic codes) for neutron physics evaluation, GERMINAL-V2 for the fuel irradiation behavior and CATHARE-3 for the thermal-hydraulics modelling. Neutron physics evaluations are performed for the main control rod worth and the Doppler Effect, both measured under isothermal conditions at Superphénix start-up. A good agreement is obtained for these tests, which were purely neutronic tests. Next, the core temperature distribution is evaluated at nominal conditions, where larger discrepancies are observed. However, these deviations are related to the measurement of the fuel assemblies, which have a larger than expected uncertainty. Finally a transient, consisting of a negative reactivity insertion, is analyzed to assess the dynamic core behavior. A good agreement is obtained during the reactivity insertion, however the thermal-hydraulic model has to be improved, namely the vessel model, which is considered as a 0-D volume.
Key words: Superphenix / start-up / power transient / Apollo-3 validation
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.