EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 247, 2021PHYSOR2020 – International Conference on Physics of Reactors: Transition to a Scalable Nuclear Future
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||22 February 2021|
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON NEUTRON CORRELATION ANALYSIS FOR A SUBCRITICAL SYSTEM DRIVEN BY A PULSED SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE IN KUCA
1 Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kindai University 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka, 577-8502, Japan
2 Atomic Energy Research Institute, Kindai University 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka, 577-8502, Japan
3 Institute for Integrated Radiation and Nuclear Science, Kyoto University Asashiro-nishi, Kumatori-cho, Osaka, 590-0494, Japan
Published online: 22 February 2021
The Feynman-α and the Rossi-α methods have been frequently employed to determine the subcriticality of subcritical reactor systems driven by Poisson source such as Am-Be neutron source. In actual accelerator-driven systems (ADS), a spallation device will be applied as an intense neutron source. This device will be probably operated in a pulse mode and it is impossible to apply a conventional analysis method to determine the subcriticality in any ADS. In previous theoretical studies, some advanced formulae of neutron correlation analysis for spallation neutron source have been presented. However, the experimental study has been hardly reported to date. The major objectives of this study are to examine experimentally an applicability of these complicated formulae to a subcritical reactor system driven by an actual pulsed spallation neutron source and to determine the prompt-neutron decay constant α of the system. To achieve these goals, we constructed an ADS core at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA). The core was composed of highly-enriched uranium fuel assemblies surrounded by many polyethylene reflector assemblies. We carried out a series of the Feynman-α and the Rossi-α analyses for the system driven by pulsed spallation source. As a result, the prompt-neutron decay constants were experimentally obtained by using a fitting formula. The prompt-neutron decay constants determined by Feynman-α and Rossi-α analyses agrees with each other within a statistical error range of least-squares fitting.
Key words: Neutron Correlation Analysis / Pulsed spallation source / KUCA / ADS
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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