EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 247, 2021PHYSOR2020 – International Conference on Physics of Reactors: Transition to a Scalable Nuclear Future
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Verification & Validation|
|Published online||22 February 2021|
NEW VALIDATION OF SI CROSS-SECTION USING SILICA SAND
1 Research Centre Řež Hlavní 130, Husinec Řež. Czech Republic
Published online: 22 February 2021
Silicon cross-sections, being important for a criticality safety of final spent fuel disposals, were recently reevaluated within the IAEA INDEN project. Similarly, the thermal Scattering Law matrix for silicon dioxide, which is also important for criticality safety, was also reevaluated in the ENDF/B-VIII.0 library. Due to these reasons, a series of validation experiments with silica sand were performed at the LR-0 reactor. This paper describes these validation experiments, which used two different amounts of silica sand placed in the core. The first part of validation was carried out as critical experiments in order to benefit from the suitability of integral experiments for validation. The second part -fast neutron spectrum measurement in the sand -was performed in order to obtain knowledge of its characteristics and its agreement with a calculation. The results showed significant improvement of the Thermal Scattering Law matrix for silicon dioxide available in the ENDF/B-VIII.0 library. They also showed that the new INDEN evaluation of silicon cross-sections, together with its description in the ENDF/B-VIII.0 gives disagreement rate closest to the experiments carried out without silica sand insertions. The spectrum measurement showed that the calculations of fast neutron spectra in the sand show only slight differences between different evaluations of silicon cross-sections. However, the fast neutron spectrum is not dependent on the Thermal Scattering Law. The calculated spectra show relatively good agreement with the measurement.
Key words: INDEN evaluation / LR-0 / Si capture / Neutron spectrum / Sand
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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