EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 247, 2021PHYSOR2020 – International Conference on Physics of Reactors: Transition to a Scalable Nuclear Future
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Fuel Performance and Management|
|Published online||22 February 2021|
MAXIMISING DISCHARGE BURNUP IN AN OPEN CYCLE MOLTEN SALT REACTOR
1 Cambridge University Engineering Department Trumpington Street, Cambridge, CB2 1PZ, United Kingdom
2 Wood Kings Point House, Queen Mother Square, Dorchester, DT1 3BW, United Kingdom
Published online: 22 February 2021
This paper discusses work done to find an estimate of the maximum achievable discharge burnup in an open cycle molten salt reactor (MSR). An in-development deterministic code (WIMS11) is used to create a model of a simple generic MSR, and the methodology employed is discussed. Some experimentation is done with regards to the internal set-up of the ‘unit cells’ within the core, which shows there is a strong link between this geometry and the achievable burnup. Work is done to quantify the effects of removing volatile fission products and implementing a two-batch refuelling scheme. Finally, an optimization process is carried out whereby the optimal proportion of graphite moderator within the core is found which balances power across the regions while maximising discharge burnup. Two fuels are tested, one which carries only 235U and 238U, and another which also carries 232Th. It is found that the maximum achievable discharge burnup is approximately 155 MWd/kg, which is considerably higher than modern PWRs, despite a lower enrichment and only two batches of fuel being used.
Key words: Molten Salt / WIMS / Burnup / Multibatch / Spectral Shift
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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