EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 249, 2021Powders & Grains 2021 – 9th International Conference on Micromechanics on Granular Media
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||07 June 2021|
Evolution of rattling particles in deviatoric shear deformation of granular material
School of Construction Engineering, Jiangsu Open University, Nanjing 210036, China
2 School of Transportation Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 210009, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 7 June 2021
Granular material such as clean sand in geotechnical engineering is characterized by structured internal deformation pattern and some interesting particle arrangement patterns. This study focuses on the evolution of the fraction of rattling particles in deviator deformation until the critical state. Numerical simulations using the discrete element method reveal the presence of rattling particles (with zero or only one contact with neighbouring particles) even in a very dense packing system. The results show that the initial fraction of rattling particles depends on sample density and particle size distribution. With the increase of deviator strain, the number and volume fractions of rattling particles gradually approach a steady critical state from either a loose or a dense starting point. An effective void ratio, which is calculated by treating rattling particles as voids, can be viewed as new state parameter describing the effective packing density of sands. Besides, the rattling behaviour strongly depends on particle size distribution.
A video is available at https://doi.org/10.48448/bahw-6d19
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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