EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 255, 2021EOS Annual Meeting (EOSAM 2021)
|Number of page(s)||3|
|Section||Early Stage Researcher Session|
|Published online||18 November 2021|
Infrared nanospectroscopy study of the light-induced conformational changes of Channelrhodopsin
1 Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Center for Life NanoScience, Viale Regina Elena 291, I-00161 Roma, Italy
2 Department of Physics, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, I00185 Roma, Italy
3 Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin, Germany
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 18 November 2021
The channelrhodopsin-ChR2 is a light-sensitive transmembrane protein that acts as a selective ion channel between the intra- and the extra-cellular environments. In the last decade, ChR2 has proven to be essential for optogenetics, because, if expressed in mammalian neural cells, it enables the control of neuronal activity in response to visible light. Mid-infrared difference spectroscopy can probe the functional conformational changes of light-sensitive proteins, however intrinsic limitations of standard IR spectroscopy in terms of diffraction, and therefore number of probed proteins, require that the mid-IR experiments be performed on huge numbers of lipid membrane patches with overexpressed proteins. In this work, we apply for the first time IR difference nanospectroscopy, based on the use of mid-IR lasers and an atomic force microscope (AFM), to single membrane patches containing ChR2, obtaining relevant spectroscopy results for optogenetic applications and, more generally, for future experimental studies of light-sensitive proteins at the nanoscale.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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