EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 261, 2022Applied Nuclear Physics Conference (ANPC 2021)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Nuclear Physics for Energy and Space Technologies|
|Published online||11 April 2022|
Extension of the BIANCA biophysical model up to Fe-ions and applications for space radiation research
INFN (Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics), Sezione di Pavia, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia, Italy
2 ENEA, Istituto Nazionale di Metrologia delle Radiazioni Ionizzanti, Roma Italy
3 University of Pavia, Physics Department, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia, Italy
4 University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany
5 Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung, Korea
6 INFN (Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics), Sezione di Milano, via Celoria 16, I-20133, Milano, Italy
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 11 April 2022
BIANCA (BIophysical ANalysis of Cell death and chromosome Aberrations) is a biophysical model, implemented as a Monte Carlo code, which simulates the induction of chromosome aberrations and cell death by different monochromatic ion beams (i.e., different ion types and energy values), as well as photons. In previous works, the model predictions for cell survival and lymphocyte dicentrics along therapeutic-like ion beams have been successfully benchmarked against experimental data. With the aim of evaluating the biological damage induced by Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR), in this study BIANCA was extended up to Fe-ions. A radiobiological database describing human skin fibroblast cell survival and lymphocyte dicentrics as a function of ion type (1≤Z≤26) and energy, as well as dose, was constructed. Afterwards, interfacing BIANCA with the FLUKA Monte Carlo transport code, a feasibility study was performed to calculate the Relative Biological Effectiveness (RBE) of Galactic Cosmic Rays, both for dicentrics and for cell survival; the results were discussed with respect to available space radiation protection limits. Following this work, BIANCA can now provide RBE predictions of cell killing, which can be related to deterministic effects, and lymphocyte dicentrics, more related to stochastic effects, for space radiation exposure.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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