EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 277, 202321st Joint Workshop on Electron Cyclotron Emission and Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating (EC21)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||23 February 2023|
Electron Bernstein Wave (EBW) current drive profiles and efficiency for STEP
UKAEA, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, OX14 3DB, United Kindgom
2 University of Stuttgart, IGVP, Pfaffenwaldring 31, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
3 University of Strathclyde, 16 Richmond St, Glasgow, G1 1XQ, United Kingdom
4 University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
Published online: 23 February 2023
GENRAY and CQL3D were used to estimate the Electron Bernstein Wave (EBW) current drive profiles and normalised current drive efficiency ζCD (6) for several STEP reactor concepts with varying temperature, density, geometry and magnetic field. ζCD > 1.0 was readily found for ρ = 0.65 − 0.9 while ζCD > 0.5 was found for ρ ≥ 0.5. Okhawa is found to be the most efficient current drive mechanism due to the high trapped fraction in STEP. Optimal current drive was found for 2nd harmonic absorption for ρ ≤ 0.8 due to the higher ν⊥ at the wave-particle resonance. 1st harmonic absorption is required for ρ > 0.8 as there is no access to the 2nd harmonic at the launch frequencies examined. Rays with negative starting N∥ were found to penetrate furthest. Due to the high electron temperature in STEP the relativistic downshift of the harmonic becomes comparable to the Doppler shift, increasing access to the 2nd harmonic.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
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