EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 277, 202321st Joint Workshop on Electron Cyclotron Emission and Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating (EC21)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||23 February 2023|
Development of the Multi-Beam Transmission Line for DTT ECRH system
Institute for Plasma Science and Technology – CNR, via Cozzi 53, 20125 Milano, Italy
2 ENEA, Fusion and Nuclear Safety Department, C. R. Frascati, via Fermi 45, 00044 Frascati, Italy
3 DTT S.C. a r.l., via Fermi 45, 00044 Frascati, Italy
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 23 February 2023
The DTT tokamak, whose construction is starting in Frascati (Italy), will be equipped with an ECRH system of 16 MW for the first operation phase and with a total of 32 gyrotrons (170 GHz, ≥ 1 MW, 100 s), organized in 4 clusters of 8 units each in the final design stage. To transmit this large number of power beams from the gyrotron hall to the torus hall building a Quasi-Optical (QO) approach has been chosen by a multi-beam transmission line (MBTL) similar to the one installed at W7-X Stellarator. This compact solution, mainly composed of mirrors in “square arrangement” shared by 8 different beams, minimizes the mode conversion losses. The single-beam QOTL is used to connect each gyrotron MOU output to a beam-combiner mirror unit and, after the MBTL, from a beam-splitter mirror unit to the exvessel and launchers sections located in the equatorial and upper ports of 4 DTT sectors. A novelty introduced is that the mirrors of the TLs are embodied in a vacuum enclosure, using metal gaskets, to avoid atmospheric absorption losses and microwave leaks. The TL, designed for up to 1.5 MW per single power beam, will have a total optical path length between 84 m and 138 m from the gyrotrons to the launchers. The main straight section will travel along an elevated corridor ~10 m above the ground level. The development of the optical design reflects the constraints due to existing buildings and expected neutron flux during plasma operation. In addition, the power throughput of at least 90% should be achieved.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
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