EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 183, 2018DYMAT 2018 - 12th International Conference on the Mechanical and Physical Behaviour of Materials under Dynamic Loading
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||07 September 2018|
An Image-Based Impact Test for the High Strain Rate Tensile Properties of Brittle Materials
Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Highfield campus,
Published online: 7 September 2018
Testing ceramics at high strain rates presents many experimental diffsiculties due to the brittle nature of the material being tested. When using a split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) for high strain rate testing, adequate time is required for stress wave effects to dampen out. For brittle materials, with small strains to failure, it is difficult to satisfy this constraint. Because of this limitation, there are minimal data (if any) available on the stiffness and tensile strength of ceramics at high strain rates. Recently, a new image-based inertial impact (IBII) test method has shown promise for analysing the high strain rate behaviour of brittle materials. This test method uses a reflected compressive stress wave to generate tensile stress and failure in an impacted specimen. Throughout the propagation of the stress wave, full-field displacement measurements are taken, from which strain and acceleration fields are derived. The acceleration fields are then used to reconstruct stress information and identify the material properties. The aim of this study is to apply the IBII test methodology to analyse the stiffness and strength of ceramics at high strain rates. The results show that it is possible to identify the elastic modulus and tensile strength of tungsten carbide at strain rates on the order of 1000 s-1. For a tungsten carbide with 13% cobalt binder the elastic modulus was identified as 516 GPa and the strength was 1400 MPa. Future applications concern boron carbide and sapphire, for which limited data exist in high rate tension.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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