EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 247, 2021PHYSOR2020 – International Conference on Physics of Reactors: Transition to a Scalable Nuclear Future
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Core Analysis Methods|
|Published online||22 February 2021|
EFFECT OF FISSION SOURCE SPECTRUM ON MONTE CARLO CALCULATION OF EX-CORE QUANTITIES
1 Oak Ridge National Laboratory P.O. Box 5800, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6170
2 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, TVA Headquarters 1101 Market Street, Chattanooga, TN 32402
* Notice: This manuscript has been authored by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 with the US Department of Energy (DOE). The US government retains and the publisher, by accepting the article for publication, acknowledges that the US government retains a nonexclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, worldwide license to publish or reproduce the published form of this manuscript, or allow others to do so, for US government purposes. DOE will provide public access to these results of federally sponsored research in accordance with the DOE Public Access Plan (http://energy.gov/downloads/doe-public-access-plan).
Published online: 22 February 2021
The Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL) Virtual Environment for Reactor Applications (VERA) offers unique capabilities to combine highfidelity in-core radiation transport with temperature feedback using MPACT and CTF with a follow-on fixed source transport calculation using the Shift Monte Carlo code to calculate ex-core quantities of interest. In these coupled calculations, MPACT provides a fission source to Shift for the follow-on radiation transport calculation. In past VERA releases, MPACT passed a spatially dependent source without the energy distribution to Shift. Shift then assumed a 235U Watt spectrum to sample the neutron source energies. There were concerns that, in cases with burned or mixed oxide (MOX) fuel near the periphery of the core, the assumption of a 235U Watt spectrum for the source neutron energies would not be accurate for studying ex-core quantities of interest, such as pressure vessel fluence or detector response. Therefore, two additional options were implemented in VERA for Shift to sample neutron source energies: (1) a nuclide-dependent Watt spectra for 235U, 238U, 239Pu, and 241Pu, and (2) to use the standard 51-energy group MPACT spectrum. Results show that the 51-group MPACT spectrum is not suitable for ex-core calculations because the groups have been fine-tuned for in-core calculations. Differences in relative detector response due to 235U and nuclide-dependent Watt spectra sampling schemes were negligible; however, the use of nuclide-dependent Watt spectra for vessel fluence calculations was found to be important for fuel cycles with burned and fresh fuel.
Key words: ex-core analysis / hybrid methods / fission source spectrum / CASL
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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