EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 253, 2021ANIMMA 2021 – Advancements in Nuclear Instrumentation Measurement Methods and their Applications
|Number of page(s)
|Research Reactors and Particle Accelerators
|19 November 2021
3-D thermal and radiation-matter interaction simulations of a SiC solid-state detector for neutron flux measurements in JSI TRIGA Mark II research reactor
Aix Marseille Univ, Université de Toulon, CNRS, IM2NP, Marseille, France
2 CEA/DES/IRESNE/DER, Section of Experimental Physics, Safety Tests and Instrumentation, Cadarache, F-13108, Saint Paul-lez-Durance, France
3 Reactor Physics Division, Jožef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Published online: 19 November 2021
Neutron detection is a relevant topic in the field of nuclear instrumentation. It is at the heart of the concerns for fusion applications (neutron diagnostics, measurements inside the Test Blanket Modules TBM) as well as for fission applications (in-core and ex-core monitoring, neutron mapping or safety applications in research reactors). Moreover, due to the even more harsh conditions of the future experimental reactors such as the Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR) or International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), neutron detectors need to be adapted to high neutron and γ fluxes, high nuclear heating rates and high temperatures. Consequently, radiation and temperature hardened sensors with fast response, high energy resolution and stability in a mixed neutron and γ environment are required. All these requirements make wide-bandgap semiconductors and, more precisely, Silicon Carbide (SiC) serious candidates due to their intrinsic characteristics in such extreme environments. Thus, since the last decades, SiC-based detectors are developed and studied for neutron detection in various nuclear facilities. In this paper, a SiC-based neutron detector is 3-D designed and studied through thermal and radiation-matter interaction numerical simulations for a future irradiation campaign at the Jožef Stefan Institute TRIGA Mark II research reactor in Slovenia. Firstly, this paper presents the scientific background and issues of our SiC-based detectors. In a second part the 3-D geometry is shown. Thereafter, the 3-D numerical thermal simulation results are reported. Finally, the 3-D numerical radiation/matter interaction simulations results are presented.
Key words: Neutron detection / silicon carbide / irradiation campaign / thermal / radiation-matter interaction / 3-D simulations
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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