EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 253, 2021ANIMMA 2021 – Advancements in Nuclear Instrumentation Measurement Methods and their Applications
|Number of page(s)||3|
|Section||Research Reactors and Particle Accelerators|
|Published online||19 November 2021|
Calibration of CFUL01 fission chambers in the standard neutron fields of the BR1 reactor at SCK CEN
SCK CEN, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, Mol, Belgium
Published online: 19 November 2021
Recent subcritical VENUS-F experiments showed that fission chambers with a threshold deposit like U-238 can essentially improve the on-line sub-criticality measurments with the beam interruption method, which is currently supposed to be the main method for the ADS MYRRHA. To suppress the uncertainty caused by fissions in the U-235 impurities, the fraction of U-235 in the U deposit should be accurately known. Three PHOTONIS CFUL01 type fission chambers with U-238 deposit were purchased for sub-critical experiments in the VENUS-F reactor. To verify the purity of their deposits, the effective U-235 masses were measured in the empty cavity of the BR1 reactor with a well-known thermal neutron spectrum. It turned out that the measured effective U-235 mass in two fission chambers is lower than the declared mass (as it should be), but this is not the case for the third fission chamber. Then, the effective U-238 mass in these FCs was measured in the well-known fast spectrum of the MARK-III convertor in the BR1 reactor. Finally, the isotopic composition was obtained and it was found that the purity of two CFUL01 FCs is in agreement with the values declared in the certificates but it is not the case for the third fission chamber. As the length of the deposit is bigger than the length of the MARK-III convertor, necessary corrections were calculated with MCNP. The developed procedure using the BR1 standard irradiation fields can be applied for calibration and impurity determination of large fission chambers.
Key words: sub-critical monitoring / U-238 fission chambers / isotopic composition determination in BR1 neutron fields
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.