EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 276, 2023The 20th International Conference on Strangeness in Quark Matter (SQM 2022)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Bulk Matter Phenomena, QCD Phase Diagram, and Critical Point|
|Published online||01 March 2023|
Local equilibrium and Lambda polarization in high energy heavy ion collisions
Università di Firenze and INFN Sezione di Firenze, Via G. Sansone 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Florence), Italy
2 Institut für Theoretische Physik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, Max-von-Laue-Straße 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
4 GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Planckstr. 1, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany
5 Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Břehová 7, 11519 Prague 1, Czech Republic
* e-mail: email@example.com
Published online: 1 March 2023
The polarization of the Λ hyperon has become an important probe of the Quark-Gluon Plasma produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Recently, it has been found that polarization receives a substantial contribution from a local equilibrium term proportional to the symmetric derivative of the four-temperature vector, the thermal shear tensor. We show that, at very high energies, this term can restore the agreement between the experimental measurements and the predictions of the hydrodynamic model, provided that the hadronization hypersurface is isothermal. We review the theoretical derivation of this new term, discuss numerical computations at RHIC and LHC energies, and compare them with the experimental data. We also present the effect of feed-down corrections.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
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