EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 247, 2021PHYSOR2020 – International Conference on Physics of Reactors: Transition to a Scalable Nuclear Future
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Advanced Modelling and Simulation|
|Published online||22 February 2021|
AN IMPROVED DOUBLE HETEROGENEITY MODEL FOR PEBBLE-BED REACTORS IN DRAGON-5
1 Polytechnique Montréal, Institut de Génie Nucléaire P.O. Box 6079, Station Centre-Ville, Montral, Quebec H3C 3A7, Canada
2 Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology (INET), Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Nuclear Energy Technology Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Published online: 22 February 2021
In pebble-bed reactors, the fuel is contained in small grains, which are included in a graphite matrix. Some burnable poison particles may also be present. In this work, an additional ’double heterogeneity’ model is introduced in the DRAGON5 lattice code. The model is based on the legacy work of She (INET) and has been improved to overcome intrinsic limitations. It is based on a simplified physical model whereas the two already existing models were based on the collision probability analysis or on renewal theory. The advantage of this new model is its simplicity to implement. The theory shows that the correction suggested in the original model should not be arbitrary, but a constant equivalent particle fraction of 0.63. Numerical comparison between the models is generally good. However it does not support the theory of a constant equivalent fraction. Additional work is needed to reduce the discrepancy between the models in some cases.
Key words: double heterogeneity model / pebble-bed / DRAGON5
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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