EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 247, 2021PHYSOR2020 – International Conference on Physics of Reactors: Transition to a Scalable Nuclear Future
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Transient Systems and Analysis|
|Published online||22 February 2021|
MSRE TRANSIENT BENCHMARKS USING SAM
Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Case Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439
Published online: 22 February 2021
In recent years, there has been renewed interest in Molten Salter Reactors (MSRs) for their potential advantages compared to reactors that rely on solid fuel. In response to such interest, the System Analysis Module (SAM) was enhanced to include MSR-specific modeling features including a delayed neutron precursor drift model and a modified point kinetics model. This paper discusses the validation of these features using the experiments conducted in the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE). These experiments include the pump start-up and coast-down tests at zero power and a thermal convection test. For the zero power tests, the change in pump speeds induces flow rate changes in the core that impact the precursor concentrations. This introduces a neutron imbalance and requires the adjustment of the control rods to counter-balance this effect. SAM was used to evaluate the precursor concentration in the core as a function of time, and the resulting changes in reactivity were evaluated through the modified point kinetics equation. The results show good agreement with the experimental data. It should be noted that the pump performance curve used in this analysis was re-constructed based on the initial water test data of the fuel pump. The steady-state pump curve is assumed to be applicable to transient flow operations. The thermal convection test was conducted by shutting off the pumps, reducing the inlet core temperature for 360 minutes, and allowing the power to be adjusted by the inherent feedbacks of the system. The power level during this transient was evaluated by SAM as a function of time.
Key words: SAM / MSRE / Benchmark
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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